Root canal treatment, also referred to as endodontics, is used as a way of treating infections at a tooth’s centre which is in the root canal.
The presence of bacteria that thrive in the mouth and attack the teeth and get right into the core of the tooth could occur after tooth decay has taken place or if a filling has leaked or as a result of teeth damage that has taken place in a trauma such as a fall. This is when the only way of saving a tooth is to treat the root canal.
A tooth comprises two parts one of which is the crown which is a part of the tooth that can be seen easily and the other is the root that stretches into the jawbone and plays the role of an anchor ensuring the teeth remain in the correct position. Teeth also have an outer coating called enamel and an inner softer substance which makes up the majority of the tooth and is referred to as dentine. There is also cementum which is hard and coats the surface of the root and last of all the dental pulp that is a soft tissue located at the tooth’s centre.
The root canal includes the dental pulp which stretches from the tooth’s crown to the root’s end. A single tooth can possess one root canal or more. The pulp consists of soft tissue which includes blood vessels and nerves. The pulp will start to die if bacteria infect it and can grow and spread rapidly leaving the victim to bear considerable discomfort until treated.
When is root canal treatment needed?
Root canal treatment is required when the bacteria has got so far into the tooth that it has infected the root canal. This infection has to be eliminated, which can take place by either taking out the tooth (extraction) or trying to salvage it by eliminating the bacteria from within the root canal itself.
Your dentist in Burlington, Ontario will try to save the tooth through root canal treatment. Once the bacteria are no longer present the root canal is filled and the tooth is filled or is fitted with a crown. Before root canal treatment commences a local anaesthetic is normally applied to avoid any unnecessary pain.
Root canal treatment in general is successful and typically a tooth is able to survive for at least 10 years after root canal treatment.